Saturday, January 14, 2012

learn something about Plaosan Temple, Indonesia

Postcard from Yogyakarta: Plaosan Temple
This card specially produced to commemorate
the two and a half centuries Yogyakarta (1756-2006)


Yogyakarta (often also called Jogja or Yogya) is located in the middle of Java Island - Indonesia. Known as where everything is cheap. Its enough with $20 perday, you are able to stay over, eat famous authentic delicious food, and rent a motorbike to explore the pure beaches and thousand of years old ancient temples.

A thousand years ago, Yogyakarta was the center of ancient Mataram Kingdom which was properous and high civilized. This kingdom built Borobudur Temple which was the biggest Buddhist temple in the world, 300years before Angkor Wat in Cambodia. Some other relics are Prambanan temple, Ratu Boko Palace, and dozens of the templess scattered throughout Yogyakarta.

However, by some mysterious reason, Ancient Mataram Kingdom moved its central government to East Java in the 10th century. The magnificent temples were abandaned and partially burried by the eruption material of Merapi Volcano. Slowly, Yogyakarta region went back into the dense forest.

Six hundred years later, Panembahan Senopati established the Islamic Mataram Kingdom in the region. Once again, Yogyakarta became the witness of human history of a great Kingdom that ruled Java Island and its surrounding area. Islamic Mataram Kingdom was leaving a trail of ruins of fortress and royal tombs in Kotagede, which recently is known as silver handicraft center in Yogyakarta.

Candi Plaosan or Plaosan Temple, also known as the "Plaosan Complex" is one of the Buddhist temples located in Bugisan village, Prambanan district, central Java, Indonesia. Candi Plaosan covers an area 2000 square meters with an elevation of 148meters above sea level. Candi Plaosan is surrounded by paddy field along with vegetation such as banana and corn.

Candi Plaosan was built in the mid 9th century by Sri Kahulunnan or Pramodhawardhani, the daughter of Samaratungga, descendent of Sailendra Dynasty, and who was married to Rakai Pikatan in Hindhu tradition.

The Plaosan complex is an ensemble of two Buddhist temples, Plaosan Lor (North Plaosan) and Plaosan Kidul (South Plaosan). The temples are separated by a road. Plaosan Lor consists of two main temples and an open area known as a Mandapa. Both temples have an entrance, a gate, and the guardian statue known as Dwarpala. Plaosan Lor and Plaosan Kidul are considered to originally be one complex.

Picture on the left: Dwarpala

Semoga hari anda menyenangkan!
(Have a nice day in Bahasa Indonesia!)

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